Congressional backers of a pardon for Jack Johnson, the world's first
black heavyweight champion who was imprisoned nearly a century ago for
his romantic relationships with white women, say his prosecution was
racially motivated. Johnson made the same argument 90 years ago while in
prison, records at the National Archives show.
Long before Public Enemy urged the need to "Fight the Power" or N.W.A.
offered a crude rebuke of the police, Gil-Scott Heron was articulating
the rage and the disillusionment of the black masses through song and
Offering a lift to a flood beleaguered city, President Barack Obama
hailed the transformation of a once struggling but venerable Memphis
high school Monday, telling its graduates, "You inspire me, that's why
A federal appeals court ruled on Friday that the Chicago Fire
Department must hire 111 African Americans who passed a firefighters
entrance exam 16 years ago and pay millions of dollars to thousands
more who took and passed the same test.